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Europe and the Rule of Law

Compare several European legal systems with regard to the main topic "Europe and the Rule of Law"

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CIVIS focus area
Society, culture, heritage
Open to
  • Bachelor's
  • Master's
  • PhD
Field of studies
  • Law
  • CIVIS Hub 2
Course dates
26-29 May 2022

The students will compare the legal situation in their countries working out similarities and differences, which are then presented in a common presentation and then written in individual final papers. In addition, there are introductory lectures by the lecturers, who are also intended to support the students in their elaborations.

Main topics

  • Formal vs substantial approach (ensuring an independent and impartial judiciary)
  • Legal certainty: common law and its development by the courts (esp declaratory power of the high court in Scotland in shaping the judge-made criminal law) 
  • Combating impunity in places of detention – holding state officials to account via the law for ill-treatment
  • What is the meaning of the rule of law concept in each state (rule of law / rechstaat / état de droit) and the international context (ECHR, ECJ, UN, Venice Commission)
  • Inadmissible crime provocation by state authorities and the rule of law
  • Freedom of expression and press censorship vs hate speech: What limits for freedom of expression does the rule of law require? 
  • Civil law and the rule of law: what are the requirements of the rule of law for civil law? 

Learning outcomes

The aim is to promote the comparative competence of the students in the field of law and to give them a new perspective on their own legal system.

Location: Bucharest, Romania ECTS: 3* 
Language: English (B1) Format: Physical
Contact point:

Students accepted: 30

Contact hours: 24 to 30 hours Student workload: 55 to 60 hours

*The recognition of ECTS depends on your home university. 

A maximum of 25 international CIVIS students will be accepted in the course in a total of 30 students.


This CIVIS course is open to Bachelor's, Master's, and PhD students at one of the 10 CIVIS member universities. 

A B1 level of English is required. 

Application process

Interested students must send their CV and motivation letter to this email address by 24 March 2022. 

Students will be chosen because of their academic aptitude and language skills.

Selected students will be notified by the end of March.


The students will have to give a presentation and write a final paper.

GDPR Consent

The CIVIS alliance and its member universities will treat the information you provide with respect. Please refer to our privacy policy for more information on our privacy practices. By applying to this course you agree that we may process your information in accordance with these terms.

The participating professors work on civil, penal, or public law and are from:

  • National and Kapodistrian University of Athens
  • University of Bucharest
  • Universidad Autónoma de Madrid
  • University of Glasgow
  • Eberhard Karls Universität Tübingen
  • Sapienza Università de Roma